Update on Patterson UTI Rig #219 Blowout And CSB Investigation
CSB is an independent, non-regulatory federal agency whose mission is to drive chemical safety change through independent investigations to protect people and the environment.
The agency’s board members are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
CBS has released the following:
The US Chemical Safety Board is in the early stages of its investigation into the fatal gas well explosion near Quinton, Oklahoma. Since arriving on scene on January 24, the following facts have been gathered:
• Red Mountain Operating (RMO) is the lease holder and operator of the well involved in the incident – referred to as the Pryor Trust 0718 1H-9 well.
• In drilling, the operator is responsible for the well’s design and the drilling program, which should account for well-specific conditions that could increase the risk or complexity of the drilling contractor’s various drilling and well control operations.
• The drilling contractor, in this case Patterson-UTI Drilling Company, LLC (Patterson-UTI), brings the infrastructure (drilling rig) and supplies the workforce (rig crew) which operates the drilling rig. Consequently, the drilling contractor also has more direct control over the primary operations (drilling) and emergency response (well control).
• Another well had recently been drilled by Patterson-UTI on this pad without incident. Drilling of 1H-9 began on January 11, 2018, and currently the CSB is unaware of any deviations from the original well plan. At the time of the incident, the rig crew had recently pulled the drillpipe and associated drilling tools out of the well in preparation to change out the drill bit.
• Both RMO and Patterson-UTI have cooperated with the CSB’s investigation and promptly provided the well plan, daily drilling reports, and electronic rig data.
• The CSB is currently reviewing that information and plans to interview eye witnesses and others present at the wellsite beginning as early as next week.
• Investigators will return to the site to continue their field work as key pieces of equipment are ready to be collected.
So basically CSB is saying what most of us already know.
1. Red Mountain is responsible for everything below the surface
2. Patterson UTI is responsible for everything above the surface
3. Both are responsible for well control and safe practices
CSB states that the daily drilling reports and electronic rig data has been turned over to investigators.
From this electronic data I would want to know from several hours BEFORE the trip up until the time of the blowout ;
1. Pump Pressure -while drilling a loss in pump pressure is a possible indication of a kick
2. Pit Volume Total -an increase in pit volume is an indication of a kick. Mud has to be displaced from the well to the pits for gas to rise in the well
3. Gain/Loss -same as pit volume, any steady gain while drilling would indicate a kick
4. Flow % -an increase in flow is also an indication of a kick
5. What was the mud weight? "Mud Weight In" and "Mud Weight Out" would give an indication of "gas cut" mud. Mud returning from the well contains tiny bubbles of gas making it lighter in weight than mud going into the well.
1. Fill Sheet-each time a set number of stands of drill pipe are removed from the hole the volume of mud in the hole should fall. A fill sheet calculates how many barrels of mud the hole should take in "fill" after these number of stands are pulled.
The hole is filled each time this specific number of stands are pulled and the amounts recorded on the Fill Sheet. If the hole is not taking proper fill it should be considered and indication of a kick.
2. Trip Tank Volume-A "trip tank" is a small mud tank near the flow line used to fill the hole while tripping out of the hole. A trip tank is used as it is much easier to monitor accurately the amount of fill the hole is taking from a smaller, isolated tank.
3. Flow-There should be ZERO flow during the trip except when filling the well.
Blowouts Are Preventable
The above are the basic indicators of a kick. Gas wells don't blowout at the surface without first having an influx displace the mud in the well. Drillers are trained to monitor the above both while drilling and tripping.
So one has to ask these additional questions
1. Did the BOP's pass inspection and testing prior to this blowout?
2. How many units of gas was the well logging?
Background Gas-An average or baseline measure of gas en-trained in circulating mud.
Connection Gas-A brief influx of gas that is introduced into the drilling fluid when a pipe connection is made.
Trip Gas-Gas en-trained in the drilling fluid during a pipe trip, which typically results in a significant increase in gas that is circulated to surface. This increase arises from a combination of two factors: lack of circulation when the mud pumps are turned off, and swabbing effects caused by pulling the drill-string to surface.
A gas influx in oil based mud can be more difficult to detect and requires the well be monitored closely.
3. Well Control Certification- Were the Consultant for Rocky Mountain and the Driller for Patterson UTI current on well control certification?
4. Was the presence of pressure observed at the Chokes before opening the Blind Rams?
In the above drawing- after removing the drill string from the well the "blind rams" are closed completely sealing off the well bore. Below the blind rams are a hydraulically operated HCR valve as well as a manual valve ( redundancy in case of a valve failure)
During a kick the blind rams seal the well and protect those on the rig floor from the explosive high pressure gas and drilling fluid. The high pressure gas and drilling fluid is routed through the HCR valve to the "chokes" which are designed to handle the high pressure involved and open in fractions of a inch allowing for the gas and mud to be slowly bled off into a "gas separator".
The chokes are operated from a remote console on the rig floor. The choke console also has large pressure gauges displaying the pressure on the chokes at any time.
The gas separator separates the gas from the drilling fluid. The gas is routed off to a flare line where it is burned off. The drilling fluid is returned to the mud pits.
Our industry practice is to ALWAYS check the pressure at the chokes BEFORE opening the blind rams. Pressure indicated at the choke console indicates there is dangerous pressure behind the blind rams. Always open the chokes first to bleed off any pressure then CLEAR the rig floor before opening the blind rams.
Those lost were all found in the "Dog House" which is the location to be when blind rams are being opened. This indicates to many that the rig crew was in the process of opening the blind rams at the time of the explosion. So the question is why did they open the blind rams with deadly pressure behind them?
I have tossed this question around in my mind for days trying to come up with any possible scenario that could have caused confusion and showing a 0 psi reading at the choke console. The only thing I can come up with is "If" the manual HCR was closed-even if the remote HCR was open-there would be no pressure reading at the choke console.
I am really hoping someone at CSB checks the position of this manual valve during the investigation.
I will continue to follow the investigation and make the facts know as they become clear.